Bursae are fluid-filled cavities that reduce friction and assist in joint movement. Chronic overuse, trauma, infection, or arthritis may cause inflammation, joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. Symptoms usually improve with conservative treatment.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
Chronic progressive disease that commonly affects the extremities by causing severe pain, swelling, and noticeable changes in the skin. The cause of CRPS is unknown, but is thought to be a result from damage to the nervous or circulatory system. Blood flow and sensation are no longer properly regulated and may cause various problems in the muscles, bones, nerves, and skin.
Common syndrome where the person has whole body pain with “tender points” of pain in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues. The cause of Fibromyalgia is unknown, but often mimics other chronic pain problems. Triggers for Fibromyalgia may include emotional or physical trauma, infections, activity, weather, anxiety, or stress.
Radicular Nerve Pain
Peripheral nerves in the extremities may cause pain if they are either inflamed or compressed when they enter the spinal column. Osteoarthritis or disc herniations may cause numbness/tingling, burning, or shooting pain from the spinal column down the affected extremity.