Pelvis / Hip Pain

Female with Pelvis / Hip Pain

Arthritis
Arthritis causes a reduction in cartilage (which increased the friction) between the joints.  When cartilage becomes damaged or worn down, the affected joint usually becomes inflamed and restricts motion, causing pain.  Osteoarthritis gradually develops as we age, whereas Rheumatoid Arthritis often has system-wide symptoms and a genetic relationship.

Bursitis
Bursae are fluid-filled cavities that reduce friction and assist in joint movement.  Chronic overuse, trauma, infection, or arthritis may cause inflammation, joint pain, stiffness, and swelling.  Symptoms usually improve with conservative treatment.

Endometriosis
Disorder when the cells lining the uterus grow in other areas of the body, leading to diffuse pain, irregular bleeding, and possible infertility.  The cause of the migration is unknown, but there may be a genetic component involved.  Symptoms may include: painful periods, pain in the lower abdomen before and during menstruation, mild to severe cramps, & pelvic, abdominal, low back, or leg pain.

Interstitial Cystitis
Pain associated with chronic inflammation of the bladder wall.  The cause of inflammation is unknown and is often misdiagnosed as a urinary tract infection.  Symptoms include diffuse pelvic pain, urinary discomfort, frequency, and urgency.

Muscle Pain
Muscle pain, aches, spasms, or tightness may result from damage to the muscles or nearby soft tissue.  Pain may be perceived at a location other than the original stimulus (referred pain). 

Sacroiliac Joint Inflammation
These joints make up the rear part of the pelvic region, located between the sacrum (vertebra S1-S5) and the ilia (hip bones), that facilitate twisting motions when we move our legs.  If inflamed, pain might be through throughout the pelvic and lower back.

Visceral Pain (Organ Pain)
Referred pain from when the internal organs are damaged.  Not all organs produce painful stimulus, however, minor lesions in the hollow organs (stomach, bladder, or ureters) can produce severe pain.  Symptoms will often be pain in the abdomen, pelvic, or lower back region, and may be hard to describe the precise location.

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